Boris Dmitrievich Grigoriev(Moscow 1886 -
Cagnes-sur-Mer, France 1939)
Two Views of Chile
both signed 'Boris Grigoriev' (one lower right, the other lower left) gouache and ink on card 37.5 x 50.5 cm (14¾ x 20 in); 34.5 x 50.5 cm (13½ x 20 in) (2)
In the first of these two works, a group of narrow boats is moored on a sandy shore. In one of the smaller boats, a splash of turquoise marks the fisherman’s net, or perhaps even the silvery glint of his catch. It provides a dash of vibrancy to the otherwise predominantly earthy palette. In the second of the gouaches, Boris Dmitrievich Grigoriev provides a detailed insight into Chilean domestic life. Executed with considerable detail, the work is split horizontally in two levels, consistent with the building’s two floors. Below the hut, various animals rummage for food. Two contented sows and their piglets forage and feast on scraps, whilst to the left, an emaciated goat appears too weak to move.
In the upper half of the work, we are given a private glimpse into the straw and wooden hut. A girl perches on the edge of a table, an adult just visible to her right, whilst on the rickety deck, a younger child, dressed in white, waves to the figures taking rest in the shade.
Grigoriev’s oeuvre reflects the influence of both German Expressionism and French post-Impressionism, as well as an interest in Critical Realism, Symbolism, Cubo-Futurism, and icon painting. The simplicity of line used to delineate the boats, bodies of the animals and figures in the two present works is similar to that used by Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) and Paul Cézanne (1839-1906) in their drawings. Grigoriev tended towards the simplification of the elements, and yet his figures do not suffer as a result, instead they demonstrate considerable psychological expression. If anything, his naive style, present in both works, connects with the people, and imbues the works with a certain nostalgia.
Two Views of Chile belong to a group of around 300 gouaches from Grigoriev’s Latin-American series. Grigoriev travelled to South America twice, in 1928 and again in 1936. His fame preceded him, and Grigoriev’s arrival in Chile was marked in a local paper, where the artist was referred to as the ‘gran pintor russo’. Grigoriev and his wife, Elizabeth, spent a number of years living and teaching in Chile. This included a paid post at the Chilean Art Academy, at the invitation of the Chilean government, whilst his wife taught in the Department of Applied Arts at the Academy. In 1928 he exhibited at the Museo de Belles Artes in Santiago.
Several conservative critics in Chile called Grigoriev’s work flamboyant and of limited taste, however they could not fail to praise his incredible plasticity and expressiveness. Despite his relatively short stay in Chile, Grigoriev made a significant impact on the Chilean people, not only through his exhibitions, but also by his teachings. One of his best known pupils was the artist Maria Tupper (1898-1965).
When Grigoriev exhibited his South American landscapes in the Lilienfeld Galleries in New York in January 1938, they were compared to the works of Raoul Dufy (1877-1953), and caused critics to comment ‘where is the painter of The Brothers Karamazov? Where is the dirtiness of Gorky’s face? Where is the stiffness of the Faces of Russia? We cannot find them anymore, we can see a very different Grigoriev, different and new.’¹
¹ Kamishnikov, L., ‘Neugomonnaia dusha, Na Vistavke Khudozhnika Borisa Grigorieva,’ Novoia Russkoe Slova, 1938.