Peasants Resting Before an Inn
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Johannes Lingelbach ( Frankfurt 1622 - Amsterdam 1674 )
Lingelbach, seen here in a self-portrait wtih a violin, was German by birth but by 1634 had settled in Amsterdam with his family, where presumably he trained as a painter. According to Houbraken, he visited France in 1642 and arrived in Italy two years later. However, he is not mentioned in any document of 1644, although he is recorded in Rome from 1647 to 1649. The artist left Rome in 1650 and by 1653 was back in Amsterdam, where he remained until his death. Lingelbach is perhaps the only one of the Dutch Italianates with a catalogue of numerous signed and dated works to document his artistic development. The first two signed works are The Blacksmith (1650; Rome, Melmeluzzi private collection) and Self-portrait with Violin (1650; Zurich, Kunsthaus). Unfortunately no certain works survive from the previous years. Kren (1982) attributed a series of works depicting Roman trades, some formerly ascribed to Pieter van Laer, to Lingelbach’s early career. The original group consisted of three small paintings: the Acquavita-seller, the Cake-seller and The Tobacconist (all Rome, Palazzo Corsini). While these paintings have some striking points in common with the Melmeluzzi Blacksmith of 1650 and the signed Dentist on Horseback, 1651 (Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum). It is still uncertain whether they belong to Lingelbach’s pre-1650 work or are by another hand (sometimes called the Master of the Trades). In the Melmeluzzi Blacksmith the forms are drawn with a dry, incisive line that gives the figures an almost caricature-like air, whereas in the Roman Trades the volumes are given body by a dense, intense and mellow style of painting.