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Richard Wilson(Penegoes1713 - Colomendy1782)

From 1729 to 1735 Wilson studied under Thomas Wright (active 1728–37) and began his career, as a portrait painter, in the 1740s. In 1750 he travelled to Venice where he painted a portrait of Zuccarelli (1751; London, Tate) who encouraged him to paint landscapes. In Rome, by 1752, he executed many drawings of the city and the Campagna and studied the works of Poussin, Claude, Dughet, and the Ricci. Commissions included two landscapes with banditti for Lord Wicklow (1752; Cardiff, National Museum, Wales) which reflect an interest in Rosa. Returning to London c.1756 he established a successful studio with many pupils. His popularity lay in his ability to synthesize actual and ideal landscape, since the latter, firmly rooted in the Arcadian tradition, had a particular appeal to his classically educated clientele. Cader Idris (c.1765–7; London, Tate) is among a group of landscapes which reflect the fashion for the picturesque. After 1770 he declined and retired to Wales in 1781.

Wilson is represented in the following collections: Detroit Institute of Arts, Michigan; Fitzwilliam Museum at the University of Cambridge, UK; Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indiana; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh; National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa; National Gallery, London; National Museums and Galleries of Wales; Neue Pinakothek, Munich, Germany; North Carolina Museum of Art, Raleigh; Royal Academy of Arts Collection, London; Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia; Ashmolean Museum at the University of Oxford, UK; Bowes Museum, County Durham, UK; Cleveland Museum of Art, Ohio; Courtauld Institute of Art, London, UK; Dulwich Picture Gallery, London, UK; Harvard University Art Museums, Massachusetts; Manchester City Art Gallery, UK; National Gallery of Victoria, Australia; National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, UK; National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo; National Museums Liverpool, UK; National Museums Liverpool, UK; National Portrait Gallery, London, UK; Norwich Museums, England; Philadelphia Museum of Art; Pomona College Museum of Art, California; Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington D.C.; Southampton City Gallery, England; Tate Gallery, London; The Faringdon Collection at Buscot Park, Oxfordshire, UK; Tyne & Wear Museums, England; Victoria and Albert Museum, London, amongst others.